SummaryBot

347 karmaJoined Aug 2023

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This account is used by the EA Forum Team to publish summaries of posts.

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319

Executive summary: A post advertising free or discounted services and resources aimed at effective altruists, as well as organizations in the EA community that urgently need funding.

Key points:

  1. Lists free/subsidized coworking spaces, accommodations, professional services, coaching, tools, and financial support available to EAs.
  2. Includes organizations like CEEALAR, EA Poland, and AI Safety Camp that urgently need donations to continue operating.
  3. Relaxed criteria to include some fee-based services and resources specifically aimed at helping individual EAs.
  4. Requests readers spread awareness of these organizations and strongly vote on the post.
  5. Invites suggestions for additional organizations to include that provide valuable services, face funding issues, or deserve more exposure in the EA community.

 

 

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Executive summary: The post introduces Meta Effective Altruism Regional Organizations (MEAROs), which support EA within geographical regions, and argues they are currently underutilized despite significant potential for impact.

Key points:

  1. MEAROs promote EA within specific regions through translation, media, events, advising, infrastructure, and more.
  2. MEAROs provide unique value but are early-stage, small, and underfunded, reaching just a fraction of potential.
  3. With more funding, MEAROs could greatly expand current functions and pioneer new ones like research, education, corporate partnerships.
  4. The post aims to define MEAROs, outline their value, and prompt discussion on better utilizing them going forward.

 

 

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Executive summary: The author proposes a framework for calculating punitive damages to incentivize AI developers to mitigate risks from advanced AI systems. Technical AI safety researchers can help implement this by analyzing potential catastrophic scenarios and estimating key parameters.

Key points:

  1. Punitive damages can "pull forward" liability for uninsurable AI risks by applying them in correlated cases of compensable harm.
  2. The proposed formula calculates punitive damages based on the total expected uncompensable harm, the plaintiff's share of compensable harm, and the relative elasticity of the uncompensable risk.
  3. Implementing this requires estimating uncompensable harm and elasticities. Model evaluations could analyze catastrophic risk pathways.
  4. Knowledge that compensable harm occurred can help select pathways to analyze, but probability estimates shouldn't update based on that knowledge.
  5. More work is needed to implement these suggestions. The author invites collaboration, including help securing funding.

 

 

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Executive summary: Technological innovations that decrease the fixed and marginal costs of producing information tend to decrease optimal copyright strength, but also increase substitutability between original and copied works, with ambiguous net effects. Modern internet text likely warrants shorter copyright than physical books.

Key points:

  1. The printing press decreased fixed costs of creating information, suggesting weaker copyright, but increased substitutability between original and copied books, with ambiguous net effects.
  2. Subsequent innovations like the internet further decreased costs and increased substitutability.
  3. Empirically, content production has thrived even with weak copyright, suggesting modern copyright terms are too long.
  4. Copyright law is vulnerable to lobbyist influence rather than optimizing for societal benefit.
  5. As AI increases substitutability between human-made and AI-made content, better understanding the tradeoffs around copyright and technology will be increasingly important.

 

 

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Executive summary: Charter cities are semi-autonomous urban areas designed from scratch with new rules and institutions modeled on successful developed countries. They aim to boost economic growth and could inspire wider reforms.

Key points:

  1. Economic growth has lifted billions out of poverty, but developing countries often struggle with poor institutions.
  2. Charter cities are designed and governed independently within a country to have business-friendly rules.
  3. They face political obstacles, but could drive growth and inspire national reforms.
  4. Benefits include governance competition, policy experimentation, and spreading best practices.
  5. If charter cities succeed, the model could spread like democracy did centuries ago.

 

 

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Executive summary: StakeOut.AI is a new nonprofit aiming to advocate for AI safety and regulation through grassroots mobilization and telling "truths" the AI industry wants to suppress.

Key points:

  1. StakeOut.AI wants to inform the public about risks from advanced AI via media campaigns and highlighting victims.
  2. They favor regulations to ensure AI augments rather than replaces humans.
  3. The AI industry mounts influence campaigns that require grassroots pressure to counter.
  4. StakeOut.AI cannot quantify their impact but promises transparency and dedication to their message.
  5. They ask for help countering AI industry tactics and getting victims' stories heard.
  6. The post reflects tensions around grassroots mobilization for AI safety within the EA community.

 

 

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Executive summary: This post reflects on the 2023 iteration of the PIBBSS Summer Fellowship, a 3-month program pairing PhD/postdoc fellows with mentors to collaborate on AI safety research, summarizing key aspects of the program and sharing learnings.

Key points:

  1. The fellowship aims to bring in external expertise to diversify perspectives and methods in AI safety research.
  2. In 2023, there were 18 fellows paired with 11 mentors, plus a 6-week in-person residency and new project report structure.
  3. Both fellows and mentors found value in the collaborations and connections formed through the program.
  4. Research output increased compared to 2022 across a range of AI safety topics according to organizer assessment.
  5. Key successes were transitioning academics to AI risk, high praise for some fellows' potential impact, and research contributions in interpretability, updateless decision theory, and other areas.
  6. Challenges remain around mentor bandwidth and further improving research output.

 

 

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Executive summary: Open Philanthropy is interested in funding additional social science research to help guide their grantmaking decisions in areas like health, migration, and economic growth. They list specific questions where more evidence would be useful.

Key points:

  1. There are key questions on the effects of different types of air pollution that could inform grants to improve air quality.
  2. Better evidence is needed on the long-term impacts of malaria to estimate the value of preventing it.
  3. Understanding factors affecting construction and housing supply could improve land use reform grants.
  4. More evidence is needed on vaccine demand and adoption to guide vaccine development funding priorities.
  5. Research on the effects of elite policy education in lower-income countries could inform grants in this area.
  6. Studies on scientific funding criteria, systematic reviews, and prize competitions could improve science meta-funding.
  7. Evidence on foreign aid decision-making and growth diagnostics could guide grantmaking on global development.

 

 

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Executive summary: The post discusses how fiscal sponsorship and operations support can help new nonprofit organizations, especially in the EA community, quickly establish infrastructure and gain access to expertise.

Key points:

  1. Fiscal sponsorship allows leveraging an existing organization's legal status and tax exemption to avoid creating a new entity. This enables faster startup and fundraising.
  2. Operations support provides part-time access to specialists in areas like finance, HR, and legal. This is often cheaper and more flexible than hiring full-time staff.
  3. New and small organizations tend to benefit most from fiscal sponsorship and operations support due to fast setup and variable capacity.
  4. Drawbacks are potentially high fees and some loss of autonomy, especially with fiscal sponsorship.
  5. Organizations may start with fiscal/operations support and later build internal capacity.

 

 

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Executive summary: The post provides resources and strategies for animal advocates to practice self-care and avoid compassion fatigue.

Key points:

  1. Understanding compassion fatigue and secondary trauma is important for animal advocates.
  2. Books on sustaining oneself as an advocate can provide useful advice.
  3. Avoiding overcommitment helps advocates stay within their limits.
  4. Intersectional advocacy brings a self-care mindset.
  5. Therapy, medication, blood tests, and spiritual community can help mental health.
  6. Developing a long-term perspective and grit can sustain advocacy over decades.

 

 

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