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TL;DR - Rationale for conducting a defined outreach effort, consisting of a series of articles targeted to and tailored towards the interests or specialties of very specific audiences outside EA, and written by trusted sources, to orient the readers to effective giving. 

I will define "effective giving" in this case as a lighter and more consumer-friendly selection of key ideas from EA, including the disparity between charities that seems to demand we use reasoning and evidence when choosing to give, the surprisingly low cost of strong impact, the general concept of the ITN framework, and so on.

This is followed by an acknowledgement that the outreach effort described might be tempered by the desire to publicize EA ideas more slowly in general, or to continue with the status quo.


This entry seeks feedback on its potential efficacy, arguments for and against, and ideas to make it stronger. It was originally submitted as a reply to this post by Julian Hazell about contributing to GWWC as a writer or content creator. His and other responses suggested that my entry might gain more helpful feedback as a standalone, so I am reprinting it here, with several addenda.

It is not unlikely that something akin to the following idea is already in the works somewhere in EA and, if so, I am sure the community will not let me remain uninformed. 

The idea below is not half-baked; nor is it completely cooked. I have confidence in it as an approach to outreach, but there may be better ideas for reaching targeted or general audiences more efficiently, such as through wise use of social media or by relying on existing media voices (Vox’s “Future Perfect” comes to mind) that are already—arguably—laying the groundwork for widespread acceptance of EA ideas.

More foundational, there is legitimate debate over the optimal rate of EA movement growth, insofar as expanding the circle of outreach to a more general public. I do not address this in the detail it deserves in this post. My original concern was simply to consider unexplored channels for a crafted and controlled EA message, but certainly this debate is relevant and, some would argue, existential to the movement. It may need to be resolved as an antecedent to any meaningful outreach effort. 

However, even as we discuss it, the nature of information, a restive bird in a crepe-paper cage, may render the discussion moot.



There is much discussion, as EA increasingly meets the world, about how to disseminate information about the movement’s ideas clearly, delicately—after all, you are asking people to examine their values—and in manageable doses. First impressions are oh, so important. 

You can see discussions about this around the forums. A few quick examples include this Forum post from @weeatquince; this podcast with Luke Freeman and Geetanjali Basarko discussing this set of guidelines; this discussion from Helen about framing EA as a question and avoiding “-ist”; portions of this Forum post from Catherine Low et al. about (among many other things) the dangers of a “low-fidelity [first] exposure” with effective giving; and this video providing teacher Danny Lipsitz’s views on risks and solutions around external movement building. 

As marketers know, a specific target audience is easier to reach than a very broad one. You can choose a channel that already targets that audience with a message tailored to reader and context (e.g., a magazine about knitting reaches knitters particularly and quite efficiently). Plus, you might benefit from the medium itself if its ideas are trusted by and shared widely between people in that target population.

Thus, alongside any efforts to write content for a broad distribution, one might visualize a discrete project to turn out a series of highly focused introductions to effective giving targeted toward specific audiences outside the central circles of EA, and written by—or at least in the voice of—an “insider” as a representative of the target audience. The target audience might be defined, for example, by profession (photographers; economists, entrepreneurs...) or interests (highly competitive sports, eco-travel, role-playing games...) 

These introductions would be seeded to social media and/or pitched to publications and other channels relevant to the respective target.

The example that sparked this idea was an intro to EA written specifically for product managers by Clement Kao, speaking the language of product managers, showing parallels connections between their approaches and EA's that would, one hopes, make Kao's fellow product managers feel 1) well understood by the author, who is "one of them," and 2) positively inclined toward the approaches and attitudes that lay behind effective giving.


The underlying issue is this: Effective Altruism is going to continue to gain more attention in the coming months and years, especially if it is very successful (or the precise opposite, which I will not contemplate here). Indeed, the idea of accelerating the development of a broad culture of giving—in workplaces, in schools, among the most fertile donor classes, and more generally—is an unarguable good that many EAers are striving to cultivate. Controlling the message now, or at least starting to do so more deliberately, allows reasonable and attractive ideas to proliferate.

Besides continuing to motivate a giving mindset in different groups and potentially increasing the real numbers around effective giving,* I believe outreach now can soften the landing of more tricky messages of EA, if and when they reach a broader public stage. These might include longtermism, cause agnosticism, reliance on expected value, what I like to call “overcoming proximity bias”—anything that asks people to break the seal on their moral compass.

And, as mentioned, reaching specific groups in the voice of someone they trust, exploiting ingroup bias in a positive way.

Information wants to be free, so you might as well dress it for success.


This targeted outreach could be addressed to any community: Unitarian Universalists; sci-fi fans; AARP members, eSport gamers; you name it. But certainly EA has been looking to establish more momentum in reaching people in the workplace (through programs both focused and more wide-reaching), and there are widely distributed publications within just about any professional community. As an example, consider how many developers’ eyeballs meet mass-distribution magazines like CODE or .NET. These publications speak their language, talk about topics dear to them, make them feel like members of a tight-knit or at least defined community. 

Such a project could start by targeting the broadest and potentially most EA-aligned audiences—for our Market Testing team to identify, of course—and aim to be published in top specialized media for those groups. While drawing from a central common set of well crafted ideas and terminology, articles would differ in addressing the particular concerns of people in that target group, and using their own idiom to do so. Texts would highlight particular ways effective giving fits their world view and how its tenets can help them improve their work or their lives.

In order to speak in the voices of authentic insiders, we might do well to mine the multitalented ranks of EA for writers who have experience or specialties in various areas, as well as looking to all donors, pledgers, and others active with EA who could represent different professions or areas of interest.

One additional idea from Julian is to frame such an effort as a series of profiles of people in defined disciplines, e.g., "How this software engineer approaches charity." It is possible this framing might be a good alternative to reach people in disciplines similar to that of the person profiled, and might even relate to a wider audience, if that is the objective of the messaging.

Can anyone see a downside risk here? I haven’t so far—with some caveats discussed under Broader Questions below—and it seems to me that, with careful attention to leading readers toward further engagement with effective giving and beyond that, EA, such an effort might also cultivate a growing crop of EA groups in the workplace or among other targeted groups.


So, I am not the most qualified person to bring this issue up here, and it deserves its own post—maybe even its own forum—but those who commented on my initial post are right that the vision above does need to acknowledge the question of at what speed the EA movement should be encouraged to expand in terms of reaching the general population (however you define it). It is a real concern that EA as a movement is better off if it does not grow rapidly, but rather more deliberately. At the risk of oversimplifying this topic to an enormous extent, my observations would be:

  1. Trying to increase PR and build a public face too quickly makes it difficult to control the message. One of my main interests since I jumped into the EA swimming pool has been to understand what are the best channels, messages and levels of effort that EA should make to ensure the messages it sends out are clear, convincing and motivational—leading both to understanding of and active support for EA ideas. There is always the danger of an audience receiving “low fidelity” or possibly off-putting messages. Something as simple as one widely-disseminated message containing misinformation or an unfortunate framing can do a lot of hard-to-repair damage. A problem could just as easily arise through misjudgment by an EA concern around a particular audience’s tolerance to reflecting on their current moral choices. 

    The above outreach idea does address this somewhat, insofar as it is a measured and targeted release of information.
  2. Perhaps there would be an organization near the center of EA that would take on this effort and would help to define the particular ideas about effective giving that are most valuable to share. Coordination by one particular EA entity might help lean outreach toward a consistent, vetted message using consistent EA language. This as opposed to what is happening currently: ad hoc (though not necessarily ineffective) outreach through various organizations in the community, to their own audiences and based on their specializations. However, mine could be far too confining an idea; it could be argued that letting each group reach its own audience is exactly the best way to get the message out most flexibly. 

    Note: I would be curious to hear what others think about how ideas around effective giving are being disseminated in the current moment. Is there something I should understand differently? 
  3. Whatever the intentions of the movement, the need to expand the culture of giving and the nature of information means we can expect more attention to EA in the coming months and years, and it will not be possible for any one group to have full control over this spread, especially due to the burgeoning number of EA-aligned, outreach-oriented individuals, groups and interventions emerging in this exciting moment in time. My question is whether it is better to make deliberate moves now to shape this growth than to debate it until it’s too late to get the bird back into the cage.


* And possible engagement with EA itself, e.g., through joining a relevant EA workplace group .


Postscript: I am as guilty as anyone of sometimes conflating “EA” with “effective giving”—I hope I have not done so here, as this can make the debate muddier. The above idea is about planting seeds for the latter and not necessarily explicitly promoting the former. If this deserves its own debate, I have brought it on myself!


(Thanks: David Reinstein and Devon Fritz for feedback on various drafts and Sunnie Huang for extra encouragement, as well as Peter Slattery and Julian Hazell for the thoughtful suggestion to make the former threaded afterthought into a “real” boy.)






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A lot of interesting points here. “Like to like” can be a great approach. In addition to the shared persona, this technique can also help inform distribution. For example, LinkedIn comes to mind as a place for leveraging network effects. That said, Facebook Groups, Subreddits, Discord Channels, and other niche communities could produce higher engagement rates.

Still, while a shared profession might prequalify a reader, offer the creator special access, and/or hold an audience’s attention longer, crafting meaningful content remains a key difficulty. You mention, "articles would differ in addressing the particular concerns of people in that target group," which is a solid goal. However, targeted content can often be reduced to baseline commonalities. So, a potential downside risk with professional targeting is writing toward a job title rather than a person.

Using the example, "How this software engineer approaches charity” -- noting that this is likely a placeholder title -- I’d start developing the content by asking:

  1. Who is the piece for?
  2. What does the piece hope to accomplish?

At first glance, the title indicates that the article would be written for software engineers. However, it could be argued that this is more the intention of the author and that the audience is really people who might be interested in this particular software engineer’s charitable musings. So, unless the software engineer is a thought leader or influencer in their space, this content might be too niche to achieve a sizable impact. Conversely, the article might intrigue someone generally interested in giving and charity, but the specificity of the software engineer makes it less tailored for them.

When designing both titles and content, I find it helpful to shift perspectives from writer to reader. Here are some questions I use:

  • Why is this piece of content interesting to the reader?
  • How does it speak to their personal goals or pain points?
  • Does the piece offer value and/or provide solutions?
  • Is the message engaging…helpful…meaningful?

Using these questions, one might arrive at titles like:

  • How I Made Software Engineering a Fulfilling Career (Audience: Engineers looking for meaning through their career)
  • Giving Like a Coder: How I Hacked My Charitable Contributions (Audience: Engineers looking to optimize every area of their life)
  • How You Can Maximize Impact as a Software Engineer (Audience: Engineers looking to do more through their career)
  • How Software Engineers Can  Save Lives (Audience: Engineers interested in doing important work)
  • Top 10 Software Engineers Who Are Giving Back (Audience: Engineers aspiring to be like their respected contemporaries)

While I employed some hooks with these titles, I’m shaping through the lens of a software engineer presumed hopes, interests, issues, etc. — not just the shared persona. You can pull this out further and see how each title could then fulfill on the promise of its premise and, ultimately, align with the second question: “What does the piece hope to accomplish?”

All of that said, the content that might result from a framework like this could have its own downside risks:

  1. Disingenuous writing: Tailoring too much for an audience and/or applying marketing best practices (hooks, keywords, SEO , etc.) has the potential to compromise  core messaging.
  2. Low fidelity: Due to its often "snackable" nature, viral/shareable content can lack important nuance.
  3. Unrepresentative associations: A successful article could be shared by the unengaged for purposes such as virtual signaling, risking the reputation of the EA community and/or appropriation of EA-related indicators e.g. #effectivealtruism.

You mention some of these risks in your post, so perhaps additional guidelines should be considered when pursuing external targeted movement building.

All of that said. I think professional outreach + meaningful content has strong potential to reach and activate people.

Great points! I appreciate your concern about the original ideas being aimed too much at the job title and not enough at the  individual, and your thoughts on downside risks are also well taken. I like where you take these ideas from a marketing standpoint, as well. 

I have been encouraged by recent developments like the appointment of a head of communications at CEA, and hope ideas like those in my entry above—and improvements upon them, much as you have offered—will be considered increasingly in the coming months.

Thanks, Adam! And thank you for starting a conversation around this approach (I don't think I mentioned that in my original comment). I've actually applied to some of the new comms positions at CEA  and would love the opportunity to further explore these ideas and others...

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